Why is warming up motion important?
The warm-up movements speed up the heart and circulation system gradually to prepare the body for physical exhaustion.
During warm-up, heart rate increases and circulation accelerates. Thus, the amount of oxygen that reaches the muscles increases, the body temperature increases. This helps the muscles to increase flexibility and work more efficiently. Exercise-intense initiation causes sudden acceleration of heartbeat and therefore heart failure.
Just as you have to prepare your body before you start doing sports, you should not abruptly end exercise. Because immediately after we exercise, the heart still continues to beat normally fast. For this reason, cooling movements should restore normal heart rate.
Stretching movements are common movements for warming and cooling the body before exercise. However, in a study published in the journal Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research in 2013, it was understood that static stretching movements (stretching movements when the body was in a stable position) had a negative effect on the performance of the athletes before intensive physical activities. Because such movements do not prepare the heart and circulatory system for physical activity, it is mainly about stretching the muscles. For this reason, it may be preferred after exercise. Dynamic stretching movements of the main muscle groups for warming may be more beneficial.